An Incident Case-control Study of Nonphysiologic Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia: Evaluation of Pre and Perinatal Risk Factors


Journal of Pregnancy and Neonatal Medicine publishes a wide range of peer-reviewed research on the obstetric, medical, genetic, mental health and surgical complications of pregnancy and their effects on the mother, fetus and neonate. Research on audit, evaluation and clinical care in maternal-fetal and perinatal medicine is also featured.

In neonatal period anemia is a complex problem owing to the unique blood picture. The erythrocytic system undergoes serial adaptation to meet progressively changing demands of oxygen in the embryo, the fetus and neonate. This leads to rapid change in normal hematological change in post-birth period. Definition of anemia is difficult because as described earlier, several important factors influence normal blood in the newborn infants. The etiology of neonatal anemia can be classified into i) hemorrhage (ii) hemolysis (iii) failure of red cell production. Severe fetal haemorrhage may accompany various placental anomalies like placenta praevia, abruption placenta and accidental incision of placenta during the caesarean section. It is reported that 10% of all infants born following placenta praevia and 4% of infants born following abruption placenta present with severe anaemia. The passage of fetal erythrocytes in maternal circulation occurs commonly during pregnancy. In 50% of pregnancies some fetal cells are passed in maternal circulation sometimes during gestation or during birth process. Treatment of a neonate with anaemia due to blood depends on the degree of hypovolemic or anaemia and whether the blood loss has been acute or chronic. New-born with pale skin should be differentiated from an asphyxiated baby.

Journal of Pregnancy and Neonatal Medicine is a scholarly Open Access journal that aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on vast topics of nutrition that include various aspects of neonatal perinatal medicine, neonatal intensive care, neonatal treatment, neonatal drugs, neonatal feeding, neonatal nursing, neonatal infections in the mode of original research and review articles, as well as case reports, short communications, commentaries, mini reviews and making them freely available online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. The Journal is successfully running volume 4 with a large number of viewers from around the world.

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Ruby Katherine,

Journal Manager

Journal of Pregnancy and Neonatal Medicine

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